In March of 1945, seven months after she was arrested, Anne Frank died of typhus at Bergen-Belsen. Her bravery and legacy live on, however, and she is frequently cited as a model for today.
The last to arrive of the eight people to hide in the Secret Annex was the dentist Friedrich "Fritz" Pfeffer (called Albert Dussel in the diary) on November 16, 1942.
Anne continued writing her diary from her 13th birthday on June 12, 1942 until August 1, 1944.
After moving his family in with Edith's mother in Aachen, Germany, Otto Frank moved to Amsterdam, Netherlands in the summer of 1933 so that he could establish a Dutch firm of Opekta, a company which made and sold pectin (a product used to make jelly).
The other members of the Frank family followed a bit later, with Anne being the last to arrive in Amsterdam in February 1934. While Otto Frank focused on building up his business, Anne and Margot started at their new schools and made a large circle of Jewish and non-Jewish friends.
Nearly a year before Anne received her diary, the Franks had begun organizing a hiding place.
For Anne's 13th birthday (June 12, 1942), she received a red-and-white-checkered autograph album that she decided to use as a diary.
In addition to no longer being able to sit on park benches, go to public swimming pools, or take public transportation, Anne could no longer go to a school with non-Jews.
In September 1941, Anne had to leave her Montessori school to attend the Jewish Lyceum.
The Franks were a middle-class, liberal Jewish family whose ancestors had lived in Germany for centuries.