Many women were reluctant to file complaints against their husbands because they were unable to support themselves financially.
The guide provides definitions of the types of violence and guidelines on how each should be handled.
NGOs Action for the Defense and Promotion of Women Rights and Action for the Promotion of Household Maids operated shelters.
In many instances, FGM practitioners have agreed to stop the practice in exchange for other income-generating activity.
and high-profile work by Former Teachers' Union leader Fatoumata Sire Diakite, president of the Association for the Progress and Defense of Women (APDF) have led efforts to educate rural women and community leaders about the danger FGM poses. The 2011 US Country Report on Human Rights Practices in Mali states that "There is no law specifically prohibiting spousal rape, but law enforcement officials stated the criminal laws against rape apply to spousal rape." and a recent report concluded that while 300 women came forward to report sexual abuse every year in Bamako alone, in 2007 only two men were convicted of the crime.
While the law gives women equal property rights, traditional practice and ignorance of the law prevented women—even educated women—from taking full advantage of their rights.
A community property marriage must be specified in the marriage contract.
Malian organisations like Bamako's Women and Law and Development in Africa, led by lawyer Sidibe Djenba Diop, push for education, strengthening laws, and forcing their application.
Domestic violence against women, including spousal abuse, was tolerated and common.
The government has launched a two-phase plan to eliminate FGM, originally by 2008.
According to the local human rights organisations fighting FGM, the educational phase (workshops, videos, and theatre) continues in cities, and FGM reportedly has decreased substantially among children of educated parents.
The Malian government's social services department regularly investigates and intervenes in cases of child abuse or neglect.