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The representatives of this group are: Nonbenzodiazepine “Z-drugs” sedative-hypnotics are drugs that differ in structure from benzodiazepines, but acts on a subset of the benzodiazepine receptor family known as BZ1.
Their onset of action is rapid, and they are considered the preferred hypnotics as they do not significantly alter the various sleep stages due to their relative selectivity for the aforementioned receptor.
The Enhanced Formulary Search identifies Medicaid formulary drugs and criteria used to evaluate a prior authorization for a specific drug and the alternate therapies (where applicable) that are allowed.
The Texas Medicaid formulary and Preferred Drug List are available on the Epocrates drug information system.
Barbiturates are nonselective CNS depressants that used to be the mainstay of treatment to sedate patients or to induce and maintain sleep.
In modern medicine they have been largely replaced by the benzodiazepines, primarily because they can induce tolerance, physical dependence and serious withdrawal symptoms.
It should be applied as a mist to the nose up to six times per day.
Nasal saline can also be made at home: contact your otolaryngologist for details.
The representatives of this group are: Other sedatives include alcohol, opioid sedatives, anesthetics, carbinols, agonists of melatonin receptors and other medicines that also act as CNS depressants via different mechanisms.