No records of this event exist other than the crude graffiti found on the walls of the two chambers.
El Gayar and Jones also pointed out that the plate's dimension of 26 x 26 cm. Through these documents I then traced the articles published in Nature and The Graphic. Vivian Davies, the curator of the Egyptian Antiquities at the British Museum.
implied it was sized in royal cubit, the measure used by the pyramid builders (half a royal cubit of 52.37 cm. As we have said, the plate could not be Carbon 14 datedsince it contained no organic material. While still searching for the relics, it was recalled that it was John Dixon who, in 1872-6, had arranged for the transport of the Thotmoses III obelisk (Cleopatra's Needle) to London's Victoria Embankment and, more importantly, that underneath its pedestal Dixon had ceremoniously embedded various relics including a cigar box! A search was called and the relics were 're-discovered' at the British Museum in the second week of December 1993 .
Also, during the Howard-Vyse expedition in 1836-7, relics were found within the Third Pyramid (Menkaure) consisting of human bones and parts of the lid of a wooden coffin.
But carbon 14 dating revealed that the bones were from the early Christian era and the lid was determined to be from the Saite Period . Although iron cannot be carbon dated, the story of its discovery and testing is worth being reminded of here in view of the possible huge implications it might bear on the Pyramid Age. Hill found the plate embedded in a joint on the south face of the monument near or within the entrance of the so-called air-channel.
Elizabeth Porteous living in Hounslow near London, was reminded (apparently by the excitement generated by the Tutankhamun Exhibition at the time) that her great grandfather, John Dixon, had left in the family a cigar box with relics inside them found in the Great Pyramid which she had inherited in 1970, after the death of her father. Porteous then took the relics, still in the original cigar box, to the British Museum. It seems almost certain that this longer piece of wood (if wood it is) is contemporaneous with the construction of the Great Pyramid.
It is thus an ideal sample that could be Carbon 14 dated in order to give an accurate age for the construction of the pyramid.
The relics were packed in a wooden cigar box and taken to England by John Dixon, Waynman's older brother, also an engineer. The only person, as far as I can make out, who mentioned these relics after they were published in December 1872 in Nature and The Graphic was the astronomer Piazzi Smyth (see below). In September 1993, having come across a comment by Piazzi Smyth in one of his books , I decided to find out where the Dixon Relics were. The metal rod had been pushed some 24 meters deep into the shaft until it reached a place where the shaft turned sharply towards the west, forming almost a right-angled corner.
They were mailed to Piazzi Smyth who recorded them in his diary, then returned to John Dixon who eventually arranged for the publications of articles and drawings of the relics for the science journal Nature and the popular London paper The Graphic . Astonishingly, although the discovery of the shafts of the Queen's Chamber by Waynman Dixon was reported by Flinders-Petrie in 1881 and by Dr. Here is, in fact, what actually happened to the relics after December 1872: exactly a century later, in 1972, a certain Mrs. Also at this 'corner' could be seen what appeared to be a long piece of wood whose shape and general appearance seemed to be the same as that of the shorter piece found by the Dixons in 1872 at the bottom of this shaft.
His theory was that the bone was part of a worker's hand that had been trapped when the block was put in place"The first thing I did was to visit Michael Cole in order to see the other pieces of wood. It was then that a colleague in Madrid, the author Javier Sierra, offered to take them to a scientist he knew, Dr. The same was also reported by Diodorus Siculus (1st century BC) and Pliny the Elder (1st century AD) .