As Susan Murcott comments, "The nun's sangha was a radical experiment for its time." Perhaps Mahakassappa and the bhikkhus of that time were jealous of the bhikkhunis being more popular and doing more teaching and social work than the bhikkhus.
Women in Buddhism is a topic that can be approached from varied perspectives including those of theology, history, anthropology and feminism.
Topical interests include the theological status of women, the treatment of women in Buddhist societies at home and in public, the history of women in Buddhism, and a comparison of the experiences of women across different forms of Buddhism.
They believe that women in Buddhism has become an important topic because we live in modern times and so many women are practicing the Dharma now. The roots are there, and we are simply re-energizing them.
The founder of Buddhism, Gautama Buddha, permitted women to join his monastic community and fully participate in it, although there were certain provisos or garudhammas.
Vajrayana Buddhism also recognizes many female yogini practitioners as achieving the full enlightenment of a Buddha, Miranda Shaw as an example cites sources referring to "Among the students of the adept Naropa, reportedly two hundred men and one thousand women attained complete enlightenment".
of Padmasambhava is an example of a woman (Yogini) recognized as a female Buddha in the Vajrayana tradition.According to Miranda Shaw, "this belief had negative implications for women insofar as it communicated the insufficiency of the female body as a locus of enlightenment".It is impossible for a woman to be a bodhisattva, which is someone on their way to Buddhahood.Two articles have seriously broached the subject of women in Indian tantric Buddhism, while somewhat more attention has been paid to Tibetan nuns and lay yoginis.When there is a talk about women and Buddhism, I have noticed that people often regard the topic as something new and different. We are not bringing something new into a 2,500-year-old tradition.But the presence of some clearly misogynist doctrines does not mean that the whole of ancient Indian Buddhism was misogynist." Some commentators on the Aganna-Sutta from the Pāli Canon, a record of the teachings of Gautama Buddha, interpret it as showing women as responsible for the downfall of the human race.