The theory posits that these Indo-Aryan speaking people may have been a genetically diverse group of people who were united by shared cultural norms and language, referred to as aryā, "noble." Diffusion of this culture and language took place by patron-client systems, which allowed for the absorption and acculturalisation of other groups into this culture, and explains the strong influence on other cultures with which it interacted. 4000 to 1000 BCE according to the Kurgan hypothesis: * The magenta area corresponds to the assumed Urheimat (Samara culture, Sredny Stog culture, Yamna culture). The Indo-Aryan Migration theory is part of a larger theoretical framework.* The red area corresponds to the area which may have been settled by Indo-European-speaking peoples up to ca. This framework explains the similarities between a wide range of contemporary and ancient languages.Historical-comparative linguistics thus makes it possible to see great similarities between languages which at first sight might seem very different.
The archaeological part posits an "Urheimat" at the Pontic steppes, which developed after the introduction of cattle at the steppes around 5,200 BCE.
This introduction marked the change from foragist to pastoralist cultures, and the development of a hierarchical social system with chieftains, patron-client systems, and the exchange of goods and gifts.
Genetic research reveals that those migrations form part of a complex genetical puzzle on the origin and spread of the various components of the Indian population.
Literary research reveals similarities between various, geographically distinct, Indo-Aryan historical cultures.
There is "general agreement" that north and south Indians share a common maternal ancestry. (2013) describe three scenarios regarding the bringing together of the two groups: migrations before the development of agriculture (before 8,000–9,000 years before present (BP); migration of western Asian but later Vedic and Puranic texts do show the movement into the Gangetic plains.
When the British started to colonize India in the 18th century, they had to impose a legal system on both the British merchants and the Indians.
Scheme of Indo-European migrations, of which the Indo-Aryan migrations form a part, from c.
4000 to 1000 BCE according to the Kurgan hypothesis.
He learned Sanskrit, and studied Sanskrit texts, at the ancient Hindu university at Nadiya.
He noted the similarities of Sanskrit with Persian, English, Latin, Greek and Gothic.
After three years of studies, in an announcement to the Asiatic Society of Bengal, he made the famous statement: The Sanskrit language, whatever be its antiquity, is of a wonderful structure; more perfect than the Greek, more copious than the Latin, and more exquisitely refined than either, yet bearing to both of them a stronger affinity, both in the roots of verbs and in the forms of grammar, than could possibly have been produced by accident; so strong indeed, that no philologer could examine them all three, without believing them to have sprung from some common source, which, perhaps, no longer exists: there is a similar reason, though not quite so forcible, for supposing that both the Gothic and the Celtic, though blended with a very different idiom, had the same origin with the Sanskrit; and the old Persian might be added to the same family, if this were the place for discussing any question concerning the antiquities of Persia. In 19th century Indo-European studies, the language of the Rigveda was the most archaic Indo-European language known to scholars, indeed the only records of Indo-European that could reasonably claim to date to the Bronze Age.